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Gold Francs

Gold Franc Coins

European Gold Coins - Vintage European Gold coins are recognized as one of the most advantageous ways to invest in bulk Gold. Minted primarily from the early 1800s to the 1930s, these coins were used heavily as currency during the times of their issuance,...

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Quick Facts About Gold Francs

Gold Franc Coins

History of Gold Franc Coins

The gold franc was once a major international currency that circulated throughout much of Europe, Africa, Asia, Oceania and South America.

The gold franc was first introduced in France in 1803 by Napoleon I. The new gold coin was minted in six denominations, 5, 10, 20, 40, 50 and 100 Francs. Each was struck in .900 fine gold.

Latin Monetary Union

The Latin Monetary Union (LMU) was formed in the 19th century and many countries standardized international trade using the 20 francs gold coin as a trade currency.

Gold francs are steeped in history. Many of these coins were circulated throughout the world during the French Colonial period that drove the 19th century in many European Countries.

During this time most European countries were still using coinage and currency made from gold and silver. The LMU was established in 1865 and officially disbanded in 1927.

These unique fractional gold coins offer just a glimpse into the history of where these coins may have circulated.

Coins like these are easy to identify from various coin books and references, both online and offline. These coins were legal tender at the time they were minted and circulated.

Buying gold franc coins of any denomination affords you the opportunity to own and hold a historic gold coin that was used amongst merchant trade throughout the French, Belgian, Italian and other colonies throughout the 1800s.

All 20 Franc Gold Coins are minted with 90% gold, have a nominal weight of 6.45 grams with a diameter of 21mm.

Many people are knowledgable and familiar with these types of coins that they can easily be used for barter and other exchange.

20 Francs Gold Coins

The most widely minted is the 20 Francs Gold Coin. The LMU specifications required all 20 Franc gold coins to be struck on a 21mm planchet made of an alloy containing 90% gold and 10% copper.

Gold coins meeting the specifications of the 20 Franc were produced by countries throughout Europe and other parts of the world. Variations of the French Gold 20 Franc included the Swiss 20 Franc, Belgian 20 Franc, Spanish 20 Peseta, Greek 20 drachma and the Italian 20 lira.

20 Francs Gold coins are one of the most popular fractional gold coins on the market, with 20 Francs coins carrying lower premiums over gold spot price than many other fractional gold coins or bullion.

Each 20 Franc gold coin weighs a total of 6.45 grams, containing 5.806 grams of pure gold. The remaining .644 grams being copper which was to provide additional strength and durability for the coins during their many years in circulation.

Gold Francs Coins are fractional gold coins minted by France, Switzerland, Belgium, Austria and a variety of other countries.

The Random Year 20 Franc Gold Coin is in strong demand and is highly sought after by bullion investors, preppers, stackers and collectors.

Random Year 20 francs gold coin have a lower premium over spot price than when choosing one from a specific year or country.The value of a 20 franc gold coin depends upon its intrinsic and collector gold value. The value of a 20 franc gold coin depends upon its intrinsic and collector gold value.

Other denominations of the Gold Franc were produced, including the 5 Franc, 10 Franc Gold Coin, 40 Franc Gold Coin and 100 Franc Gold Coin.

Gold Francs Facts

Throughout the 19th century most European countries were still using coinage and currency made from gold and silver. The Latin Monetary Union was established by treaty in 1865.

Member began producing coinage and currency that adhered to the specifications set forth in the treaty. The LMU was officially disbanded in 1927.

Latin Monetary Union (LMU) Gold Coins

A treaty in 1865 between France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Italy formed the Latin Monetary Union (LMU).

The purpose of the treaty was the provide a way to facilitate international trade in a standard way. These countries agreed to a bimetalism standard, which combined a gold and silver standard.

The standards allowed member countries to continue minting and circulating their own currency and still be able to participate in international trade with other member nations using a fixed gold-to-silver ratio.

The initial gold-to-silver ratio was established of 15.5 to 1. This meant that a single LMU Franc unit was represented by 4.5 grams of fine silver or .290322 grams of fine gold.

The LMU standards were based on the French Franc that had been introduced by Napoleon I in 1803. It was struck in .900 fine gold with denominations of 5, 10, 20, 40, 50 and 100 Francs.

The 20 Franc gold coin specification was to be struck on a 21mm planchet made of an alloy containing 90% gold and 10% copper.

Each 20 Franc gold coin weighs a total of 6.45 grams, containing 5.806 grams of pure gold. The remaining .644 grams being copper which was to provide additional strength and durability for the coins during their many years in circulation.

Beginning in 1873, the LMU moved away from the bimetalism standard and the use of silver. The gold standard was continued with a fixed value of 1 franc = 0.290322581 grams of gold.

Gold Franc Coin Denomination

The standards defined by the Latin Monetary Union had been on the gold French Franc that had been introduced by Napoleon I in 1803. It was struck in .900 fine gold with denominations of 5, 10, 20, 40, 50 and 100 Francs. The remaining 10% of the alloy was designated to be 10% copper. The planchets were standardized with a diameter of 21mm.

5 Francs Gold Coin

The 5 Francs Gold Coins are the smallest denomination. Each 5 Francs gold coin contains .0471 troy ounces of fine gold. Popular amongst collectors, these coin are less common than other denominations and many examples can carry a significant premium over melt value.

The 5 francs coin was minted in two sizes, each containing the same amount of gold. Some 5 francs coins are 14.4mm, others are 16.7mm in diameter. The gross weight is 1.629 grams.

10 Francs Gold Coin

The 10 Francs Gold Coins are popular amongst collectors and investors. These coins do occasionally pop up in various secondary markets like eBay for a low premium over spot price. Though, numismatic premiums can make these less attractive for stacking.

Each 10 Francs coin has a gross weight of 3.2258 grams and contains .0933 troy ounces of gold. The diameter of the coin is 19mm and .8mm thick.

20 Francs Gold Coin

The 20 Franc Gold Coin is the most popular denomination in this coin series sold today. Random Year Gold 20 Francs coins are highly sought after by bullion investors, preppers and anyone who would like to buy and own fractional gold as an asset.

Each 20 Francs gold coin weighs a total of 6.45 grams, of which, 5.806 grams is pure gold. The remaining .644 grams being copper to provide strength and durability for the coins during circulation.

The 20 Francs gold coins are 21mm diameter. The planchet is made from an alloy containing a mix of 90% gold and 10% copper.

Due to the large number of countries participating in the LMU during periods of colonial expansion, many different designs of the 20 Francs Gold Coin were minted. As these are circulated coins they have little numismatic value. These coins are hoarded for their intrinsic gold value.

40 Francs Gold Coin

The 40 Francs Gold Coins are less commonly found as bullion items due to the scarcity and rarity. However, these coins are popular amongst collectors and investors.

The 40 franc gold coin was minted from 1854 to 1889. The coin is 26mm in diameter with a gross weight of 12.9 grams.

50 Francs Gold Coin

The 50 Francs Gold Coins are popular amongst collectors and investors. These coin are less common than other denominations and many examples can carry a significant premium over melt value.

The 50 franc gold coin was first struck in 1852, which would make it one of France's oldest coins.

The early years of these gold coins were marked by production from three different mints: Paris, Lyon and Nancy. Production from all three mint locations continued until 1928.

Production of the 50 francs was discontinued in 1928 but are still very much in demand with collectors, as recent auction prices show.

The 50 francs gold coin has a gross weight of 16.129 grams and contains .4667 troy ounces of gold. These coins are 28mm in diameter and 1.8mm thick.

100 Francs Gold Coin

The 100 Francs Gold Coins are popular amongst collectors and investors. These coin are less common than other denominations and many examples can carry a significant premium over melt value.

The first 100 franc gold coin was minted in France in 1801. The 100 franc coins were issued again in 1848. The denomination was reestablished in 1967 for commemorative coins.

The gross weight of these coins is 32.2581 grams with approximately .9334 troy ounces of gold. The diameter is 35mm and these coins are 2.3mm thick.

Popular 20 Francs Gold Coins

The 20 Francs Gold Coin is one of the most popular fractional gold coin amongst investors, preppers and stackers due to the intrinsic value of the gold.

Regardless of the country that minted the coin, each 20 Francs contains .1867 troy ounces of gold.

French Napoleon III 20 Franc Gold Coins

20 Francs Napoleon III Coin Highlights:
  • Minted from 1852-1870
  • Fineness: .900
  • Actual Gold Weight: .1867 troy ounce

Napoleon III (1808-1873) was the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte and Emperor of France from 1852 to 1870. His leadership was undermined by a sequence of political mishaps, including rifts with the Vatican and the French business community.

In the War of 1870, he met defeat by the Prussians due to their superior military tactics combined with political disunity throughout France. Within days of being defeated in the War of 1870, Napoleon III was unseated and he fled to England to live in exile where he died.

French Angel 20 Franc Gold Coins

20 Francs "Lucky Angel" Gold Coin Highlights:
  • Minted from 1870-1898
  • Fineness: .900
  • Actual Gold Weight: .1867 troy ounce

The French Angel Gold Coin, minted from 1871 to 1898, is one of the most actively pursued by investors and collectors. Commonly referred to as the "Lucky Angel", originally designed by Augustin Dupre in the late 18th century, the design was resurrected in 1871.

20 Franc Rooster

The French Rooster gold coins were struck by the Paris mint from 1899 until 1914. The obverse contains a bust portrait of Marianne France, a female personification of the values represented by the French Republic: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.

20 Francs Gold Rooster Details:
  • Minted from 1899-1914 with .1867 ozt of gold
  • Obverse: Bust of Marianna
  • Reverse: The Gallic Rooster, le coq gaulois.
  • Fineness: .900

Switzerland (Swiss) Helvetia 20 Franc Gold Coins

Swiss 20 Francs Gold Helvetia Coin Highlights:
  • Minted from 1897-1930
  • Fineness: .900
  • Actual Gold Weight: .1867 troy ounce

For decades, Switzerland has been a renowned commercial and banking facility. They are also known for having some of the most well known private mints in the world such as PAMP Suisse, Valcambi and others.

The Swiss 20-Franc Helvetia is referred to informally as the 'Vreneli', which derived from 'Verena', that is Switzerland's equivalent to Lady Liberty.

The coin depicts Vreneli in the obverse with the word 'Helvetia' written above her hair. On the reverse is an image of the Swiss Cross surrounded by a shield.