The Colombian Mint, officially known as the Casa de Moneda de Colombia, is the national mint of Colombia responsible for producing the country's currency and official commemorative coins.
The Mint was established on July 20, 1621, by a royal decree issued by King Philip III of Spain and founded in the city of Santa Fe de Bogotá, known as Bogotá, the capital of Colombia. The mint was established to produce coins for the Viceroyalty of New Granada, a Spanish colonial administrative region that encompassed present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and parts of Venezuela.
During the Spanish colonial period, the Colombian Mint primarily produced silver coins known as "reales" and gold coins called "escudos." These coins were widely used for commerce within the Viceroyalty of New Granada and served as a means of exchange in the local economy.
In the early 19th century, several Latin American countries, including Colombia, fought for their independence from Spanish rule.
After Colombia gained independence in 1819, the Colombian Mint underwent significant changes and began striking coins for the newly established Republic of Colombia, reflecting the country's newfound sovereignty.
The Colombian 5 Pesos Gold Coin was minted between 1924 and 1930 and is struck with planchets that are of a similar specification to the British Gold Sovereign, making them a popular choice among investors and stackers.
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